Joint Actions for Sea Pollution Prevention - JASPPer“ is an IPA project from the Component II – Cross-Border Programme Croatia-Montenegro 2007.-2013. within measure 1.1. – Joint measures in the protection of the environment, nature and cultural heritage. The project was realized through the cooperation of the Croatian Hydrographic Institute – Split (HHI) as the functional leading partner and the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seisomology of Montenegro (IHMS) as the leading partner in Montenegro. The University of Dubrovnik – Institute for Marine and Coastal Research (IMP) and The University in Montenegro – Institute for Marine Biology – Kotor (IBMK) were the associated partners to the leading partners in the belonging countries. The total value of the project equalled 598.339,17 €. The grant reserved for the partner institutions in Croatia equalled 251.327,49 €, while the grant of 254.541,00 € was reserved for the Montenegrin partner institutions. The area of interest in the project was Dubrovnik- Neretva County in Croatia (Municipality of Konavle) and Montengrin coastline (Municipalities of Herceg Novi, Kotor and Tivat). The project was executed throughout 24 months (1st May 2013 – 30th April 2015).
The aim of the project, in general, was to stimulate the reduction of the pollution in bordering aquatories of two countries and to establish the cooperation between the competent institutions on the topics in the environment protection.
The specific goal of the project was to create the preconditions for the long-term cooperation of the institutions in the bordering area on the topics of wastewater management and monitoring of the seawater quality.
The expected results of the project were: the establishment of the model for the monitoring of the parameters of the sea pollution in the bordering area of Croatia and Montenegro and the strengthening of the capacities of the competent institutions in the bordering area in the monitoring of the seawater quality and the usage of the EU funds.
Activities of the Project "JASPPer" were carried out in two directions: 1. Establishment of cooperation and increase the capacity for joint control and waste water management between relevant institutions from both sides of the border and establishment of a model for the purpose of the monitoring and detection of cross-border pollution parameters; 2. Increase of the level of knowledge and the capacity of regional experts in the field of monitoring of sea and cross border effects of waste water management and raise public awareness of the importance and benefits of joint cross-border approach to the prevention of marine pollution.
Several field research have been conducted for the purpose of establishing cooperation and increase the capacity for joint monitoring and management wastewater between relevant institutions from both sides of the border. A research of the submarine infrastructure of the outfall Trašte in Montenegro and submarine infrastructure of the outfall Cavtat in the area of Dubrovnik-Neretva County have been conducted with the research vessel "HIDRA", in property of the HHI. Remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) has been used for the purpose of research of submarine outfalls, acquired from the grant project "Jaspper", whose value is 101,250.00 €. Field studies have shown that the infrastructure of the outfall Cavtat is not damaged. Within outfall Trašte in Montenegro have been determined lack of over 100 meters of pipe. Outfall Trašte is considered to be non-functional in its current state.
Data of direction and speed of sea currents were collected by raising of the acoustic Doppler electric meter which measured data from the bottom to the surface of the sea for the period since August 2014. to February 2015. All the standard physical - chemical and biological parameters for the evaluation of the trophic status of the sea have been sampled and measured through the whole water column. Geological sampling of the seabed for analyze of TOC (total organic carbon) and heavy metals in the soil at all stations have been provided according to the monitoring programme. Additionaly two scuba diving with an overview of the ecosystem in the aquatorium of outfalls were performed during the field work.The results of Croatian researchers have been connected with research at the area Trašte (sewage outfall of the municipalities Kotor and Tivat) in Montenegro using the same uniform methodology, in order to ensure public information about the scattering of pollution from two major sewage outfalls in the border area during and outside of the tourist season.
Institutional strengthening of the IHMS (education and training of employees of the IHMS during field research and exchange experiences through training of young researchers from partner institutions) has been organized as a contribution to increasing the level of knowledge and the capacity of regional experts in the field of quality control at sea and cross-border effects of waste water management and raising public awareness of the importance and benefits of joint cross-border approach to the prevention of marine pollution.
Additional valuable equipment have been procured within the project except ROV; The Niskin samplers with the belonging messengers were equally divided between the Croatian partners in JASPPer, the Institute for Marine and Coastal Research purchased the CTD probe, Institute of Hydrometeorology Seismology of Montenegro purchased the total organic carbon (TOC) analyzer, TOC module in sedimet, turbidimeter, total station for hydrographich research and Multiparameter depth probe for oceanographic measurements and Institute for Marine Biology - Kotor acquired the UV-VIS spectrophotometer.
Two studies have been made within the project JASPPer: - "Study of impact of waste water discharges in Cavtat and Trašte in regard to the quality of the marine ecosystem" and -Final Study "Impact of the sewage outfalls Cavtat and Trašte on the coastal sea eutrophication and cross-border (Croatia-Montenegro) the transfer of pollutants".
Also, project broshure has been published containing conclusions and recommendations for waste water discharges Cavtat and Trašte. Websites have been made for project stakeholders to ensure the visibility of the project www.hhi.hr/jaspper and http://www.meteo.co.me/misc.php?text=115&sektor=3. Various round tables, meetings, conferences, trainings for the students and young researchers, consultation and training of the local authorities and promotions of the Project have been held. Memorandum of understanding in the prevention of marine pollution in the border area of Montenegro and the Croatian was signed between municipalities Kotor, Tivat and Konavle for the purpose of sustainability of the project during the final project conference which was held in Tivat on 28 April 2015.