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JASPPer

Project Title: Joint Actions for Sea Pollution Preventions - JASPPer"

The HR Applicant: Croatian hydrographic institute
Partner 1: University of Dubrovnik-Institute for Marine and Coastal Research
The amount of EU grant: 251.327,49 €.

Name of applicant CG: Institute for hydrometeorology and seismology of Montenegro
Partner 1: University of Montenegro-Institute for biology of sea Kotor.
The amount of EU grant: 254.541,00 €

Total value of the project: 598.339,17 €

PROJECT WEB SITE: http://www.hhi.hr/projects/viewproject/16  

Final review of the project

Joint Actions for Sea Pollution Prevention - JASPPer“ is an IPA project from the Component II – Cross-Border Programme Croatia-Montenegro 2007.-2013. within measure 1.1. – Joint measures in the protection of the environment, nature and cultural heritage. The project was realized through the cooperation of the Croatian Hydrographic Institute – Split (HHI) as the functional leading partner and the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seisomology of Montenegro (IHMS) as the leading partner in Montenegro. The University of Dubrovnik – Institute for Marine and Coastal Research (IMP) and The University in Montenegro – Institute for Marine Biology – Kotor (IBMK) were the associated partners to the leading partners in the belonging countries. The total value of the project equalled 598.339,17 €. The grant reserved for the partner institutions in Croatia equalled 251.327,49 €, while the grant of 254.541,00 € was reserved for the Montenegrin partner institutions. The area of interest in the project was Dubrovnik- Neretva County in Croatia (Municipality of Konavle) and Montengrin coastline (Municipalities of Herceg Novi, Kotor and Tivat). The project was executed throughout 24 months (1st May 2013 – 30th April 2015).

The aim of the project, in general, was to stimulate the reduction of the pollution in bordering aquatories of two countries and to establish the cooperation between the competent institutions on the topics in the environment protection.

The specific goal of the project was to create the preconditions for the long-term cooperation of the institutions in the bordering area on the topics of wastewater management and monitoring of the seawater quality.

The expected results of the project were: the establishment of the model for the monitoring of the parameters of the sea pollution in the bordering area of Croatia and Montenegro and the strengthening of the capacities of the competent institutions in the bordering area in the monitoring of the seawater quality and the usage of the EU funds.

Activities of the Project "JASPPer" were carried out in two directions: 1. Establishment of cooperation and increase the capacity for joint control and waste water management between relevant institutions from both sides of the border and establishment of a model for the purpose of the monitoring and detection of cross-border pollution parameters; 2. Increase of the level of knowledge and the capacity of regional experts in the field of monitoring of sea and cross border effects of waste water management and raise public awareness of the importance and benefits of joint cross-border approach to the prevention of marine pollution.

Several field research have been conducted for the purpose of establishing cooperation and increase the capacity for joint monitoring and management wastewater between relevant institutions from both sides of the border. A research of the submarine infrastructure of the outfall Trašte in Montenegro and submarine infrastructure of the outfall Cavtat in the area of Dubrovnik-Neretva County have been conducted with the research vessel "HIDRA", in property of the HHI. Remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) has been used for the purpose of research of submarine outfalls, acquired from the grant project "Jaspper", whose value is 101,250.00 €. Field studies have shown that the infrastructure of the outfall Cavtat is not damaged. Within outfall Trašte in Montenegro have been determined lack of over 100 meters of pipe. Outfall Trašte is considered to be non-functional in its current state.

Data of direction and speed of sea currents were collected by raising of the acoustic Doppler electric meter which measured data from the bottom to the surface of the sea for the period since August 2014. to February 2015. All the standard physical - chemical and biological parameters for the evaluation of the trophic status of the sea have been sampled and measured through the whole water column. Geological sampling of the seabed for analyze of TOC (total organic carbon) and heavy metals in the soil at all stations have been provided according to the monitoring programme. Additionaly two scuba diving with an overview of the ecosystem in the aquatorium of outfalls were performed during the field work.The results of Croatian researchers have been connected with research at the area Trašte (sewage outfall of the municipalities Kotor and Tivat) in Montenegro using the same uniform methodology, in order to ensure public information about the scattering of pollution from two major sewage outfalls in the border area during and outside of the tourist season.

Institutional strengthening of the IHMS (education and training of employees of the IHMS during field research and exchange experiences through training of young researchers from partner institutions) has been organized as a contribution to increasing the level of knowledge and the capacity of regional experts in the field of quality control at sea and cross-border effects of waste water management and raising public awareness of the importance and benefits of joint cross-border approach to the prevention of marine pollution.

Additional valuable equipment have been procured within the project except ROV; The Niskin samplers with the belonging messengers were equally divided between the Croatian partners in JASPPer, the Institute for Marine and Coastal Research purchased the CTD probe, Institute of Hydrometeorology Seismology of Montenegro purchased the total organic carbon (TOC) analyzer, TOC module in sedimet, turbidimeter, total station for hydrographich research and Multiparameter depth probe for oceanographic measurements and Institute for Marine Biology - Kotor acquired the UV-VIS spectrophotometer.

Two studies have been made within the project JASPPer: - "Study of impact of waste water discharges in Cavtat and Trašte in regard to the quality of the marine ecosystem" and -Final Study "Impact of the sewage outfalls Cavtat and Trašte on the coastal sea eutrophication and cross-border (Croatia-Montenegro) the transfer of pollutants".

Also, project broshure has been published containing conclusions and recommendations for waste water discharges Cavtat and Trašte. Websites have been made for project stakeholders to ensure the visibility of the project www.hhi.hr/jaspper and http://www.meteo.co.me/misc.php?text=115&sektor=3. Various round tables, meetings, conferences, trainings for the students and young researchers, consultation and training of the local authorities and promotions of the Project have been held. Memorandum of understanding in the prevention of marine pollution in the border area of Montenegro and the Croatian was signed between municipalities Kotor, Tivat and Konavle for the purpose of sustainability of the project during the final project conference which was held in Tivat on 28 April 2015.

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FINAL CONFERENCE WAS HELD IN TIVAT

Project JASPPer was concluded on the Final conference in Tivat on 28th April 2015.

Project was completed by presentations of the results which was achieved during the project implementation. Also, the representatives of the neighbouring municipalities from Montenegro (Tivat, Kotor, Herceg Novi) and Croatia (Konavle) was signed Memorandum of understanding in the prevention of sea pollution in the border area.

Director of the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro Mr. Luka Mitrović began the Final conference with a welcome speech. Mr. Mitrović briefed participants about the partner's institutions, which have implemented the project and expressed his ambition to cooperate further some future similar projects.

Aleksandar Joksimović, the project coordinator of the Institute of Marine Biology - Kotor, had informed that the Project team had achieved significant results, which are very important for the forthcoming activities in relation to the prevention of sea pollution in the border region.

Nenad Leder, the director of the Croatian Hydrographic Institute from Split, who was also the Project manager of the JASPPer project, said that the researches were carried out with modern equipment was purchased within the project. He highlighted the importance of the project reporting in relation condition of the inspected infrastructure of the outfalls in Cavtat and Trašte. Within his presentation Mr. Leder presented the results achieved during the project execution. He advised participation of responsible institutions in process solving the problem of infrastructure in the Bay of Trašte, i.e. to take initiative in repairing the damaged sewerage infrastructure, and in constructing the waste water plant.

Pavle Đurašković, expert of the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro and the Project coordinator, thanked to the project partners, the Delegation of the European Union to Montenegro and the Joint Technical Secretariat for good cooperation and important support received within this project.

Mr. Đurašković outlined the achievements of the Project and presented equipment was received. He said that Montenegrin and Croatian governments had to undertake adequate actions, first and foremost in repairing the outlet of Trašte and with the unblocking of the outfall of Cavtat.

Enis Hrustić, the project coordinator of the Institute of Marine and Coastal Research in Dubrovnik, presented the results in relation to the eutrophication in the waters in the area of the outfall of Cavtat, as well as the results of analyzes of heavy metals in sediments, fouling organisms and benthic communities on and around the final part of the outfall of Cavtat.

Representatives of media interviewed the countersigners of the Memorandum, Božo Lasić, Deputy Mayor of Municipality of Konavle, Tamara Vujović, vice-president of the Municipality of Herceg Novi, Tatjana Jelić, Secretary of the Secretariat for Spatial Planning and Environment of the Municipality of Tivat and Nenad Vukadinović, Secretary of the Secretariat for the natural and cultural heritage of Kotor.
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EXCHANGE OF EXPERTISE BETWEEN PARTNER INSTITUTIONS - TRAINING FOR YOUNG RESEARCHERS

Dr Dragoljub Mitrović, professor at the Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Montenegro, opened the training by welcoming all participants.

Dr Velibor Spalević, external expert on the JASPPer project, briefly referred to the students and other researchers by presenting the lecturers and topics that will be presented. Dr Splalević emphasized to the students importance of participation on these and similar research and opportunities which EU/IPA project have in this area.

Mr Pavle Đurašković, project coordinator, presented the main purpose of the project and the partners involved on the Croatian and Montenegrin side. Mr Đurašković lecture was based on the contribution of the project in determination of the quality of sea water in Montenegro.

He presented the characteristics of the collector system in the Trašte Bay, monitoring program which is defined by the project and the types of analysis that were used.  Additionally, he demonstrated the equipment that was used in the analysis and presented the results of a first analysis and some results of the second field work.

Mr Radovan Kandić, head of the Department for Oceanography at the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology (IHMS), explained the importance of hydrography and oceanography in exploring the collector Trašte.

He introduced softwares that were used in the research; their working principles; research methods that were implemented on the field work and presented oceanographic and hydrographic equipment that was used in the research. Additionally, he mentioned the training that was provided for the hydrographic IHMS team on the Croatian research boat "HIDRA". He explained the working principle of the Side Scan Sonar and operation system of the Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV).

Dr Drago Marić, professor in the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science (University of Montenegro), talked about assessment on quality of aquatic systems based on fish communities. He explained to the students and other researchers on which basis the pollution can be estimated and which are organisms that are most often threatened by the consequences of the pollution.

ROUND TABLE IN DUBROVNIK ON MARCH 12 2015.

Round-table was held in the campus of the University of Dubrovnik within the project "JASPPer", within the activities A 4.1.4:  Cross-border quality factors of sea in Dubrovnik-Neretva County and Boka kotorska.

Representatives of the project partners (Croatian Hydrographic Institute, Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro, Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, Institute of Marine Biology, University of Montenegro - Kotor) participated, as well as representatives of Plovput ltd. from Split, the Public Health Institute of Dubrovnik-Neretva County, Municipality of Kotor, Municipality of Konavle, Utility company of Konavle, Dubrovnik-Neretva County and the independent expert for regional development has engaged in the project JASPPer.

Ivica Petrović, representative of the company Plovput ltd. lectured "Navigation signs in the function of prevention of sea pollution."

Pavle Đurašković from the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro presented the preliminary results of the second research in bay Trašte within the project JASPPer. The research was completed in February 2015.

Enis Hrustić from the Institute for Marine and Coastal Research of University in Dubrovnik presented the preliminary results of the second research near outlet Cavtat  within the project JASPPer. The research was completed in February 2015.

A representative of the company Plovput ltd. gave instructions for better labeling of the submarine outfall Cavtat, representatives of the Institute for Marine and Coastal presented the state of the submarine outfall Cavtat and representative of the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology Montenegro pointed to problems of the Outlet Trašte.

Considering the participation of responsible persons from Utility company of Konavle ltd. and Municipality of Konavle, there was a comprehensive discussion of proposed solutions for outlet Cavtat.

After these presentations, the expert on regional development presented to the participants of the Round Table work on the preparation of the Memorandum on cooperation of border municipalities in Croatia (Konavle) and Montenegro (Herceg Novi, Tivat and Kotor) in wastewater handling and monitoring the impact of sewage discharges on marine pollution.

A presentation of the entire research within project JASPPer is going to be held in the Campus of the University of Dubrovnik in March 2015.

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HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEY AND SAMPLING OF THE SUBMARINE SEWAGE OUTFALL TRASTE WAS CONDUCTED

Team of the Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology Montenegro (IHMS) together with partners from the Institute for Marine Biology in Kotor (IBMK) conducted a second sampling of the sea and seabed in the bay Trašte within  project JASPPer from 12 to 17 February 2015.

Research IHMS boat BH12 was used for research in the project area as wll as equipment was prucured through the project JASPPer. Data were collected raising the current meter direction and speed of currents from the bottom to the surface of the sea. Sampling along the water was conducted  in the purpose of interrogation by column and sediment and were measured and selective physical - chemical and biological parameters for the evaluation of the trophic status of the sea. Marine sediment for TOC analysis was sampled as well as heavy metals on all counts provided by this project. Engaged divers have collected sediments from the seabed in the vicinity of the outfall.

Analysis of the collected data and samples is going to determine  value of quality parameters in the network of measuring stations, which is consisted  of transect zone around the top of the outlet pipe and the measuring point to the Croatian border, Budva, the coast and the open sea.

Expected to compare the results of Montenegro's research with the results of Croatian studies has been conducted using the same methodology in the field of sewage outfalls in Cavtat. An evaluation of the results of this researchs is going to show the degree of influence municipal water discharges to the marine eco-system in local and cross-border aspect.

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